Addressing human-orangutan conflict in agricultural landscape

Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

Orangutans are the only great apes of Asia. A million years ago, they ranged from Java through Laos into China. Today, they are found only on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

Bornean orangutan

Pongo pygmaeus

The IUCN Status

LC Least Concern
NT
VU
EN
CR Critically Endangered
EW
EX Extinct

Sumatran orangutan

Pongo abelii

The IUCN Status

LC Least Concern
NT
VU
EN
CR Critically Endangered
EW
EX Extinct

Tapanuli orangutan

(Pongo tapanuliensis)

The IUCN Status

LC Least Concern
NT
VU
EN
CR Critically Endangered
EW
EX Extinct

Protecting orangutans in the wild

Large areas of orangutan habitat have been lost or degraded due to agricultural expansion and natural resource extraction, in particular unsustainable palm oil and pulp and paper production. This destruction of their homes has pushed orangutans into areas where forest and farmlands meet. With natural food hard to find, crop raiding—a key cause of human-wildlife conflict—becomes increasingly likely.
 Eliminating Threats To Orangutan Population In Agricultural Landscapes

Orangutan Information Centre (OIC) Indonesia

Eliminating Threats To Orangutan Population In Agricultural Landscapes

Project supported since 2015

Leuser Ecosystem (biggest population of Sumatran orangutans) and Batang Toru Ecosystem (Tapanuli orangutan), North Sumatra and Aceh Province

We fund operating costs including salaries of key staff, transport, equipment, medical and office expenses. Our support has helped OIC grow Human Orangutan Conflict Response Units (HOCRU) in size as well as coverage – a second HOCRU was established in 2016. A third team set up in Aug 2019 works in the Batang Toru ecosystem to protect the Tapanuli orangutan. Their first rescue occurred a month after, when a male Tapanuli orangutan was found weak and wounded in community farmland. Together with their partner NGO, Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Program, OIC provided three months of medical care and rehabilitation for the orangutan, who was later named Paya.

Conserving Asian Species Action Partnership (ASAP) And Priority Species Through An Integrated Approach

Planet Indonesia (PI) Indonesia

Conserving Asian Species Action Partnership (ASAP) And Priority Species Through An Integrated Approach

Project supported since 2016

West Kalimantan

At PI’s focal site in the Gunung Niut Nature Reserve, four community-based patrols consisting of 20 individuals using the SMART (Spatial Monitoring Reporting Tool) method have been established since 2018. We contribute directly to the implementation costs of the community SMART patrol teams. Data generated through the patrols are analysed using SMART and ArcGIS softwares, which allows an overview of the specific threats within the reserve. With this information, routine patrols can be planned to maximise efforts within given financial and human resources. By analysing data collected between 2018 and 2019, efforts have been focused on the areas in the reserve with the highest threat of illegal activity.

Conservation breeding

We have successfully bred some 50 orangutans over the last 50 years, many of which have been sent to zoos overseas for breeding exchange. We are proud to be co-coordinating a global conservation breeding effort to save the orangutan.

Advocating for sustainability

Sustainable palm oil

Photo credit: OIC

Palm oil is widely used in processed foods, cleaning products, shampoos and cosmetics. At our F&B outlets, only palm oil certified by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is used for cooking. Oil palm is a high-yielding crop. The industry generates many jobs, so we support the use of sustainably-produced palm oil. Help Protect Orangutans You can help to protect orangutans by petitioning companies to use only certified sustainable palm oil. [Show your support now]

Community engagement

Activating the community for conservation efforts

Photo credit: OIC

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